"Hispanic Heritage Month celebrates the contributions to the United States by Spain and other Hispanic-identified countries. Celebrating the Hispanic heritage of the United States actually started in 1967 with a proclamation by President Lyndon Baines Johnson recognizing September 16 of that year as Hispanic Heritage Day.
September 16 is celebrated in Mexico and by Mexican Americans in the United States as Mexican Independence Day, commemorating independence from Spain in 1821. On September 17 , 1968, House Joint Resolution 1299, passed unanimously by voice vote, proclaimed the week of September 15 –22 as Hispanic Heritage Week.
Subsequent presidents continued the tradition. On August 17 , 1988, Air Force colonel Gil Coronado successfully persuaded Congress to enact a law designating National Hispanic Heritage Month from September 15 to October 15 , which spans the celebration of September 16 and Dia de la Raza (Columbus Day) on October 12." (The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States)
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September 15 is close to the anniversaries of 5 Latin American countries plus Mexico and Chile gaining independence.
"Latinos, or Hispanic Americans, constitute the second-largest and most rapidly growing distinctive ethnic group in the United States. The impact that this group has had on domestic and international affairs in the United States is substantial and promises to be even more significant in the future.
While sharing close ties based on Spanish heritage and language, Hispanic Americans are of diverse national backgrounds, originating not only from the Iberian Peninsula but from most of the nations of the Western Hemisphere, including the Caribbean and Central and South America.
The umbrella terms Hispanics and Latinos are used to designate this extremely heterogeneous group comprising more than 28 million people of more than twenty national origins in the United States." (The Oxford Companion to the Politics of the World)
Celebrate the culture and traditions of America's Latin American roots.